Improved livelihoods and nutrition

The three-year project aims to sustainably improve the health and livelihoods of four underprivileged communities, in the rural Massinga District, thanks to access to clean drinking water, improved nutrition and sanitation facilities. More specifically, in each community, a new water well will be drilled, a manual hand pump installed and a water oversite committee of 23 persons elected. Committee members will be trained in well maintenance and repair, hygiene and sanitation and sustainable agricultural practices. The project aims to achieve full latrine coverage in all households. At each school, sanitation centres will be constructed, including menstrual hygiene rooms and handwashing stations. Community gardens with drip irrigation will also be constructed at the schools and agricultural techniques will be implemented in the school curriculum. 20-30 citrus trees, donated by the Massing District Government, will be planted by the students and teachers around the school and water well. Women will also be taught innovative agriculture techniques to be implemented in their homes in order to provide food security and income from the sale of the surplus from the harvest.

Water Underground is an American non-profit organisation that aims to empower people in the most underprivileged communities in rural Mozambique through access to clean water, sanitation, agricultural innovation, education and learning new skills.



Health / Education / Community Development / Environment


May 2018 – April 2021


Massinga District / Mozambique

With whom

Water Underground 



30 million (2017)

Per Capita Income
USD 420/year (2017)

Poverty rate *
46% (2014)

Literacy rate
43% (2016)

Human Development Index
180th out of 189 countries (2018)

Mozambique’s economic activity has been adversely affected by the fall in commodity prices, poor weather conditions and the continued after-effects of the 2016 hidden debt crisis. Despite rapid growth and poverty reduction immediately after the civil war, the pace of poverty reduction has significantly slowed since 2003. Poverty is concentrated in rural areas and among illiterate female-headed households. There are significant challenges to food and nutrition security, with 80% of the population unable to afford the minimum cost of an adequate diet and 42% of children under five suffering from stunting, particularly in rural areas. Malaria remains the most common cause of death in the country, responsible for 35% of child mortality and 29% of the general population. HIV prevalence has followed a downward trend stabilizing at 11% among adults. Mozambique has one of the lowest levels of water consumption in the world, despite having a variety of water sources.

Sources: World Food Program, UNICEF, World Bank, 2016 Human Development Report, Human Development Indices and Indicators (2018 Statistical Update)

*The percentage of the population living below the national poverty line.