Improved access to safe drinking water

The project aimed to ensure access to safe drinking water in five vil-lages of the Mphonde Traditional Authority. It also aimed to improve water use and hygiene practices amongst the population.

Thanks to the drilling of five wells, one per village, 100% of the popu-lation concerned (26% before the implementation of the project) or 1,212 people (653 women and 182 children under 5 years of age), now have access to safe drinking water. The water points, dug near people’s homes, were easily accessible to all inhabitants, reduced the workload for women and improved school attendance amongst children. One of the first results was a significant reduction in the number of cases of diarrhoeal disease (50.7% to 2.5%). The program included the creation of water committees (formed mainly of women) to ensure the mana-gement, maintenance and preservation of the water sources and to promote good hygiene practices, in particular hand washing.

Founded in 1984 by Canadian doctors, Canadian Physicians for Aid and Relief (CPAR) works closely with the most vulnerable communities in Africa.

1'212
poeple

Type

Health / Education / Community Development

Duration

March 2012 - March 2013

Location

Malawi

Website

www.cpar.ca

Malawi

Population
18.6 million (2017)

Per Capita Income
USD 320/year (2017)

Poverty rate *
52% (2016)

Literacy rate
62% (2016)

Human Development Index
171st out of 189 countries (2018)

Malawi has been suffering from a deteriorating political environment since 2010, which has led to a weaker economy after five consecutive years of solid growth. Over 50% of the country's population lives below the poverty line and a quarter of the population is extremely poor. 37% of children under the age of five are suffering from stunting which hinders brain development, school performance, immunity and health. The country’s social indicators have nevertheless shown some improvements, notably a drop in HIV prevalence from 14% to 9%. Malawi is prone to natural disasters, primarily related to climate variability and change, which weakens its development.

Sources: World Food Program, UNICEF, World Bank, 2016 Human Development Report, Human Development Indices and Indicators (2018 Statistical Update)

*The percentage of the population living below the national poverty line.