Self-sufficiency for rural farming households

The three-year project aims to sustainably improve the nutrition, health and incomes of 540 returnee households from the poorest rural farming communities in the Maracha District of West Nile sub-region in northern Uganda. Improved agricultural practices will improve food production, increasing the number of meals a day, from one to three. The implementation of WASH activities (access to clean water, sanitation and hygiene) will improve household health and reduce the incidence of sanitation and hygiene-related diseases by 60%. Incomes will be increased by a minimum of 100% thanks to training in aspects of farming for income generation, giving farmers the knowledge and skills to sell their produce at a better price, in turn enabling them to cover their basic needs (healthcare, education, home improvement and a diversified diet). The project also aims to reduce the impact of climate change as improved agricultural practices better preserve water and soil fertility, and energy-saving clay ovens reduce the collect and burning of firewood. The project also includes the promotion of gender equity, community relationships and the importance of education for girls

The UK-based charity International Refugee Trust, established in 1989, aims to support the most disadvantaged refugees, internally displaced persons and returnees in Jordan, South Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda. It envisions a world where all people live peacefully in the place they call home, with the skills, opportunities and confidence to support themselves and progress socially and economically.



Health / Education / Environment / Community Development


April 2018 - June 2021


Maracha Province / Uganda

With whom

International Refugee Trust (IRT)



42.9 million (2017)

Per Capita Income
USD 600/year (2017)

Poverty rate *
21% (2016)

Literacy rate
70% (2016)

Human Development Index
162nd out of 189 countries (2018)

Uganda’s economy has continued to post strong growth, by many developing country standards. It nevertheless remains a very poor country and far from the middle-income status it aspires to. Although the poverty rate has greatly declined from 39% in 2002 to 19% in 2012, the strong population growth has meant that the absolute number of poor people has remained the same. One in three children has no food to eat during the school day and 27% of children under five are stunted. Agriculture accounts for 25% of the country’s GDP and employs 77% of the adult population. However, the productivity of smallholder farmers remains low due to lack of access to services such as credit and insurance and reliance on traditional farming methods.

Sources: World Food Program, UNICEF, World Bank, 2016 Human Development Report, Human Development Indices and Indicators (2018 Statistical Update)

*The percentage of the population living below the national poverty line.