24 million ( 2017)

Per Capita Income
USD 1'370/year (2017)

Poverty rate *
37% (2014)

Literacy rate
71% (2016)

Human Development Index
151st out of 189 countries (2018)

Cameroon’s geographic diversity is favourable to economic and agricultural activity, with farming providing a source of livelihood to 70% of the population. Cameroon has achieved universal primary education and 62% of school-aged children attend secondary school. Lack of infrastructure and an unfavourable business climate have hindered a sustainable reduction in poverty, although rates have dropped from 40% (2007) to 37% (2016). Health expenditure has greatly improved, increasing from 0.9% (2006) to 5.1% (2016) of GDP being spent on public health. However, infant health and nutrition have worsened since 1990, especially in the north of the country. 32% of children under the age of five are malnourished.

Sources: World Food Program, UNICEF, World Bank, 2016 Human Development Report, Human Development Indices and Indicators (2018 Statistical Update)

*The percentage of the population living below the national poverty line.